An Example Of A Chart Is A Column Chart With A Line Chart

In case you're only interested in showing the trend, using a line chart is a better choice (especially if the charts are to be printed). Column Sparkline Chart A Column Sparkline is a kind of column chart with minimum number of options enabled by default. Take note that after doing so, you might have to reformat some of the colors selected (since Lucy chose to have lines displayed in orange when editing her line graph, that's what's showing up even in the column graph). Line chart - A line chart is often used to visualize a trend in data over intervals of time – a time series – thus the line is often drawn chronologically. In a three-dimensional chart, there are typically three axis, x-, y- and z-axis. Example of a Gantt Chart for a Residential Construction Work. Let Dennis Taylor show you how to create different kinds of Excel charts, from column, bar, and line charts to exploded pies, and decide which type works best for your data. This P chart does not provide any evidence for lack of control. This type of graph denotes two aspects in the y-axis. The pie and single line charts reflect the data in column B for Vendor 1. If you take a closer look at the animation, you will understand which coordinates are needed to draw those special lines. For example workbook and more, visit http://cha. In this tutorial, I am going to show you a columns chart that is based on Bootstrap and jQuery. 3-D Column. There are templates you can download to create Gantt charts or add-ins you can buy. Thus, the process variation is in control and the engineer can examine the process center on the Xbar chart. This allows having Clustered and Stacked column/bar chart. "Lazy" Horizontal Line. But sometimes you need to use these two types in one chart. It is especially useful for students who want to enhance their study skills, prepare for IELTS, TOEFL, and other EFL and ESL English language writing exams, or who need English for Academic Purposes. Display a line chart and a column chart with the same X-axis. If the upper left-hand cell contains text or numbers, the cells in the leftmost column will be considered data cells and will be plotted on the chart. Select the Insert tab in the toolbar at the top of the screen. You may first take a look at the article below regarding the chart usage under PowerApps: Show data in a line, pie, or bar chart in PowerApps. A bar chart (also called a bar graph) is a great way to visually display certain types of information, such as changes over time or differences in size, volume, or amount. Area chart - Area charts are used to represent cumulated totals using numbers or percentages (stacked area charts in this case) over time. Example: Combined Chart. Column charts are a good way to show change over time because it's easy to compare column lengths. The interaction means manipulating filter criteria of few chart by pointing certain column of one of the analysis chart. Excel 2007+ allows more columns, so more columns can be added to the pro version. A line chart provides information arranged in data points or markers which are linked by line segments. However, it can also be categorical in the bar graphs with categories of wine. In the following examples, the chart block has been set up with two datapoint value columns - sales revenue this year and sales cost this year. Hold down the Ctrl Key and click on the Red portion of the Chart. The typical chart (or graph) in Excel 2010 comprises several distinct parts, including the chart area, data series, axes, legend, plot area, gridlines, data markers, and more. Let us now see additional configurations and also how we have added the stacking attribute in plotoptions. If you need to create a simple Gantt chart, see Creating a Gantt chart or Gantt chart with progress. The date provides the axis; the dimensions provide the breakdowns we want to visualize and/or the encoding of the Gantt bars; the measures create the length of the Gantt bars and/or their encoding. Create a Gantt Chart Use the Gantt chart template to plan and track your process improvement projects from start to finish. If you take a closer look at the animation, you will understand which coordinates are needed to draw those special lines. Here’s another example of a similar chart that combines a column and line chart to show year-over. This example uses a combo chart based on a column chart to plot daily sales and an XY scatter chart to plot the target. In order to analyze the data better, I’d like to add some sort of trendline to the graph, such as a weighted average for example. For example, your data should look similar to the following:. Excel Chart VBA Examples and Tutorials – Formatting Chart Objects using Excel VBA: Below are Excel Chart VBA Examples to show you how to change background colors of charts, series and changing the different properties of charts like Chart Legends, Line Styles, Number Formatting. The picture below is an example of a column chart displaying the unique visitors Computer Hope has received between the years of 2000 and 2006. Jan 25, 2016 · The below answer is concerned with chart. One of the most popular and very commonly used charts is a line one, sometimes also called as a "line graph". When I try to calculate an average measure or use Quick measures i just get the data values returend because I'm including date in the. In the following example, I have interpreted the question to mean that the data values are for different purposes, but are still numeric. With Regards. Plotly Express is the easy-to-use, high-level interface to Plotly, which operates on "tidy" data. If you want to show change over time, a line graph is probably best. R can be used to explore, clean, analyze and visualize data. An area chart represents the change in a one or more quantities over time. How to Build a Marimekko Chart. An example of a stacked Column Chart. For an overview of the area chart options see the API reference #Trellis chart. The chart will be automatically re-generated. The first column maps to x-axis. For a line chart with arbitrary point spacing see the Scatter chart type. Column Charts Column charts are useful for comparing discrete data or showing trends over time. It also includes PHP source code that you can try running locally. For my example, I am going to take a simple column chart showing the percentage of respondents eating Burger Shack in the previous month and overlay a line for the average number of times those respondents ate Burger Shack during the same time period. Let’s see how it works for an area chart. Groupby on a Related Entity’s Related Entity. A simple line chart with one x and y axis, but multiple x lines. In order to ignore blank cells, you have to do the following. Choose Select Data. What I would like to do, is to have the budget for all the months of the year present in the chart as a line, while the columns of the actual sales would show up as the sales are made. A 3-D Line Chart is available, but the Line Chart does not display data well in three dimensions. The chart from Figure 1 was created with the code in Example 1: Not all properties are necessary. This Excel tutorial explains how to create a basic column chart in Excel 2016 (with screenshots and step-by-step instructions). A temporary Excel spreadsheet opens with dummy data. All of our charts support single or multiple data sets. Charts allow users to see what the results of data to better understand and predict current and future data. We support a number of different chart types like: bar charts , pie charts , line charts , bubble charts and radar plots. The next table columns contain y-axis values. It is not possible to to combine a bar and line chart in SSRS. First select the sales data in 4th, 5th and 6th row. Best Of 35 Sample Drop Down Lines In Excel Chart. Hold down the Ctrl Key and click on the Red portion of the Chart. The date provides the axis; the dimensions provide the breakdowns we want to visualize and/or the encoding of the Gantt bars; the measures create the length of the Gantt bars and/or their encoding. I want to add an average line for one of the data categories. Step-by-step tutorial on creating clustered stacked column bar charts (for free) This tutorial will show you how to create a clustered stacked column bar chart – step-by-step, so there is no way you will get confused. In the 2-D Column section of the list, choose Clustered Column to add this basic chart to the worksheet. Binding to Remote Data. Note that relative node placement has been used to avoid placing nodes explicitly. The charts may help traders see trends and reversals. If you need to create a simple Gantt chart, see Creating a Gantt chart or Gantt chart with progress. For example, you can combine a column or area chart with a line chart to present dissimilar data, for instance an overall revenue and the number of items sold. The first item (Series name) is cell "Water volume", the second item (Series X values) is column with time and the third item (Series Y values) is column with volume values. Our iOS Charts and Android Charts also come with Xamarin bindings plus ~30 Xamarin Chart Examples which you can browse, play with, view the source-code and compile and run in a Visual Studio Solution. Save canvas space (if the chart does not become too complicated). There is column Chart control in PowerApps: Column chart and Line chart controls in PowerApps. How to Make a Chart With Average & Standard Deviations in Excel you can show these values graphically by plotting them on a line chart. Create a data table as in columns F to H in the screenshot, insert an Area chart for that data, with column F as the X axis. The line chart can consist of one line or of several lines. Whenever you create a chart in Excel, a legend for the chart is automatically generated at the same time. After creating a chart, you might need to add an additional data series to the chart. A Column and Line chart is a combination of a Column chart with a Line chart. The difference between charts and graphs are frequently misunderstood because of the similarities in their terms. This chart takes into consideration both the line pull of the hoist drum of the crane and the safe working load of the wire rope. Example of creating an Excel line chart. Use a line chart if you have text labels, dates or a few numeric labels on the horizontal axis. This sample chart updates to reflect the changes you make in the Chart Wizard. One way you can use a combo chart is to show actual values in columns together with a line that shows a goal or target value. This sample demonstrates how to combine Column and Line chart types. You may first take a look at the article below regarding the chart usage under PowerApps: Show data in a line, pie, or bar chart in PowerApps. For example, if the chart is posted on the wall, a heavy dark string hung vertically across the chart with two thumbtacks can be used to show the time. For our next example, let's say that Bob's Mini Mart sells three flavors of slushies: lime, cherry, and blueberry. I need to Create a Stacked Column Chart representing 1 set of measures with a Line representing a target. lets see with an example for each. Net, SQL Server, Charts, DataTable, DataSet. MarkerSuffix - Text that appears after each value in a column chart for which the Markers property is set to true. Line Charts. This chart takes into consideration both the line pull of the hoist drum of the crane and the safe working load of the wire rope. Spider Chart A spider chart or radar chart is a graphical method of displaying multivariate data. Dates column - change the column with dates. By default, it tries to list out the most common types of charts such as Column, Line, Pie, Bar, Area, and Scatter. a horizontal line going the whole width of the month, to show the sum, which is of course always inside column dimensions. To add events to your Gantt chart, see Progress Gantt chart with events. Instead of a formula, enter your target values in the last column and insert the Clustered Column - Line combo chart as shown in this example. A column chart template is a type of bar chart and graphical depiction which displays the data as a vertical bars going across the chart horizontally. The Bar Chart. It can be quicker decipherable by your readers. For example, if the first digit is a "1" it is an asset, if the first digit is a "3" it is a revenue account, etc. For example, the chart below is a nice-looking interactive combination of marker and line charts. Hover over a chart type to read a description of the chart and see a preview of how the chart will look with your data. In this article, we will show you 2 excellent ways to display data in a column chart that combines clustered and stacked column. I noted that you can capture two dimensions in one chart, for example revenue by region and vertical market. Then the chart engine will take over and lay out the. Scatter Charts: Similar to line graphs, because they are useful for showing change in variables over time, scatter charts are used specifically to show how one variable affects another. Data point A numeric value that describes a single value on a chart. Binding to Remote Data. You may also see monthly chart examples & samples. In the next step we split them into two Y-axes. Use a bar or column chart to compare independent values. Learn how to use JavaFX 2 charts such as pie chart, area chart, bar chart, bubble chart, line chart, and scatter chart to develop rich internet applications. This has been a guide to Stacked Column Chart in Excel. Scatter is often called XY chart. But it definitely lacks reference for the left. Configure a Combination Chart into a Pareto Chart. So, let's say the column chart has 5 data points [10, 20, 30, 20, 30] and shows 5 columns on the chart. For a horizontal version of this chart, see the bar chart. Define the Cumulation Line in a Legacy Pareto Chart The cumulation line on a Pareto chart displays the percentage of the accumulated total of all the columns or bars. In this example, the name "Accounts Receivable" is used as the name of the chart. Area Chart: Needs one or more datapoint values and one datapoint label. There is column Chart control in PowerApps: Column chart and Line chart controls in PowerApps. On the other hand, SVG offers greater customizability; and SVG is a web standard, so we. The Gantt Chart visual can be used to show current schedule status using percent-complete shadings and a vertical “TODAY” line. Dot Plots: A Useful Alternative to Bar Charts Page 9 Dot plots can be used in any situation for which bar charts are typically used. Thanks for you reaction. 3D charts rotate and there is even a box zoom to zoom specific range from 3D chart. (BTW: I cannot use the chart style "Line - Column on 2 Axes". Area charts depict a time-series relationship. So now, you have a column chart in your worksheet like below. Several lines are added if you want to make comparisons of several data columns, or if you want to make comparisons between different categories within a column. Line graphs are used to track changes over short and long periods of time. Color: When a column is dropped in this shelf, the chart will be further categorized showing each data point in this column in different colors (different data series) in the chart. Most charts use some kind of a legend to help readers understand the charted data. The stacked line charts allows us to easily identify and compare the trends and patterns in our data. This sample shows: How you can display multiple columns and line charts in the same Chart Control. When you add them to chart, the chart will make them columns (bad). Short Method 1. The following tutorial will get you started using R's ggplot2 package to make a simple line chart from a csv of data. Format the red bars of new chart. It is similar to a scatter plot except that the measurement points are ordered (typically by their x-axis value) and joined with straight line segments. To get the big picture of how a total is distributed, for examples total sales by country or unit volumes by region, most executives want to see a pie chart. Define the Cumulation Line in a Legacy Pareto Chart The cumulation line on a Pareto chart displays the percentage of the accumulated total of all the columns or bars. For example, you can use Column Chart to show the revenue over the last five years or compare revenue and profit for the last five years. Furthermore, the points inside the limits display a random pattern. The components of a serial chart are further described below. To follow using our example, download excel time chart. In a three-dimensional chart, there are typically three axis, x-, y- and z-axis. One of Excel's most powerful charting features is creating combo charts that combine two different types of charts. This allows having Clustered and Stacked column/bar chart. A JavaScript Column Chart, just like other bar graphs uses vertical bars to display data and is used to compare values across categories. Browse line graph templates and examples you can make with SmartDraw. If you want to use stacked column charts for time data, make sure your dates have the same intervals. The following is an example using stock data and positioning the legend at the top of the chart:. A typical two-dimensional chart has two axis, an x- and y-axis. In the chart shown in this example, daily sales are plotted in columns, and a line shows target sales of $500 per day. Watch the video to learn essential tips for each paragraph for a high score bar chart. The categories (or magnitude) of the data are represented by the column and can be labeled under each column. For example, to look at the trends of the datatypes used in columns in each table in a particular schema, create a new report, by setting Style to Chart and using the following query as the SQL:. Short method and Long Method. A column chart is a series of columns to identify data items. Groupby on a Related Entity’s Related Entity. Consists of one or more data series. The next table columns contain y-axis values. Configure a Combination Chart into a Pareto Chart. The Y axis plots the number of passengers and the X axis plots the month. Column charts are ideal if you need to compare a single category of data between individual sub-items, such as, for example, when comparing revenue between regions. Bar and column graphs are great representations of categorical data, in which you can count the number of different categories. While I have taken the example of a line chart, you can also create other chart types such as column/bar charts using this technique. Several lines are added if you want to make comparisons of several data columns, or if you want to make comparisons between different categories within a column. I wanted to overlay a line over the columns across all series. Area chart - Area charts are used to represent cumulated totals using numbers or percentages (stacked area charts in this case) over time. Here over a period is optional though you can compare over the period also. Suppose the data set below needs to be charted in a chart. Table formatting for Bar, Line, and Area charts Charts. The problem with a lot of pie-chart bashing (and most “chart-shaming,” in fact) is that people don’t follow up with a better alternative. What if you want to render 10000 data points in a single series chart with a dimension of 500x400 pixels for the line, area, and column charts. Please note that the KPI box and Chart default color is Amber (Yellow) so you don't need to check for miscellaneous color combinations other than those that you had already defined. com/videot Lecture By: Mr. There are many ways to go about this, including displaying the variances on a separate chart. Prepare the necessary data in the table. Line instead of google. Not all options apply to all chart types. Depending on what you want to show, or on how your loaded data is organized, you add lines to the line chart in different ways. In the following example, I have interpreted the question to mean that the data values are for different purposes, but are still numeric. In the Insert Chart dialog box, choose one of the types of chart that you want. Tom Ho Link July 2, 2013, 8:15 pm. I have no clue who first created the RACI chart, but like most common sense, it likely was born out of necessity. The charts may help traders see trends and reversals. In this example, the line graph works better than the bar graph, but this might not be the case if the chart had to show data for 20 models, rather than just three. Essentially, we’re taking the result from the right-hand-side and assigning that result to the column names using colnames(). Here over a period is optional though you can compare over the period also. A line chart provides information arranged in data points or markers which are linked by line segments. Note The trendline formula should only be used when your chart is an XY Scatter chart. The line chart can consist of one line or of several lines. The interaction means manipulating filter criteria of few chart by pointing certain column of one of the analysis chart. The worksheet must include at least one column of numeric or date/time data and a corresponding column of categorical data. , Cary, NC ABSTRACT SAS/GRAPH software is a very powerful tool for creating a wide range of business and scientific graphs. Consists of one or more data series. I have a multi-series column chart (3 in this case). It's easier to modify an existing chart than to draw a new one. Voila, you've created a chart with two chart types (column and line)! Chart plotting two data sets with bar and line chart. Column Chart is actually a vertical Bar Chart. For example, if a line graph represented the height of water in a reservoir over time, shading the area under the line could make the line graph look like actual water rising and falling. This setup simplifies all the examples. Column Charts are Used to Compare Data. The charts may help traders see trends and reversals. This type of graph denotes two aspects in the y-axis. It is especially useful for students who want to enhance their study skills, prepare for IELTS, TOEFL, and other EFL and ESL English language writing exams, or who need English for Academic Purposes. Other than the above mentioned sample. Select the Insert tab in the toolbar at the top of the screen. Creating a Spaghetti Chart. Excel Gantt chart show the start and finish dates of the critical elements and overview elements of a project. If you want to modify the layout of your chart, click the chart area of the chart to display the Chart Tools in the ribbon. For this Power BI Line and Clustered Column Chart demonstration, we are going to use the. Click on the URL below to create your chart. If you insert a line chart there your data won't appear the way you intend. A typical two-dimensional chart has two axis, an x- and y-axis. Clustered column chart in excel is a column chart which represents data virtually in vertical columns in series, though these charts are very simple to make but these charts are also complex to see visually, if there is a single category with multiple series to compare then it is easy to view by this chart but as the categories increases it is very complex to analyze data with this chart. , Clustered Column-Line). Sometimes you will need to save your chart to an image file. Let’s see how it works for an area chart. With your mouse, right-click on the chart. Excel Clustered Column AND Stacked Combination Chart The clustered column chart is one of the most commonly used chart types in Excel. Determine how you want the layout of the chart to be depicted in Excel. Following steps shall help you designing this. How to create a column chart and to combine it with a line in Excel. Area charts depict a time-series relationship. One measure grouped by one dimension. If you want to modify the layout of your chart, click the chart area of the chart to display the Chart Tools in the ribbon. NET Chart decide how to best position its elements, or take advantage of the built-in customization options for the axes, labels, tooltips, title, legend, etc. They look very similar, especially when a scatter chart is displayed with connecting lines, but there is a big difference in the way each of these chart types plots data along the horizontal and vertical axes. Excel Chart VBA Examples and Tutorials – Formatting Chart Objects using Excel VBA: Below are Excel Chart VBA Examples to show you how to change background colors of charts, series and changing the different properties of charts like Chart Legends, Line Styles, Number Formatting. ChartText collection property. Sometimes you will need to save your chart to an image file. Both produce a chart that appears to be meaningful. Begin by creating a standard stacked column chart. Example: Below is a line chart showing the sum of sales for two different product categories over several years. » Line-Column Chart. This tip will help you to extend those charts by a vertical line that shows the current date. The rectangles of the column data series are drawn side by side so that you can easily compare their values. For this Power BI Line and Clustered Column Chart demonstration, we are going to use the. Values are represented on the y-axis and categories are displayed on the x-axis. Both - a line chart and an area chart - show a trend over time. Pie chart B. Thus, you need to add an average line into this chart. When smaller changes exist, line graphs are better to use than bar graphs. The chart will be automatically re-generated. add or remove a secondary axis in a chart in excel. Click on the color button then select green from the Standard Colors. Each column will be treated as series and Left most column will be treated as Labels. And while a column graph might seem like a good idea for charting project completion, a Gantt chart is likely better. Then the chart engine will take over and lay out the. Highlight the data that you would like to use for the column chart. Essentially, we’re taking the result from the right-hand-side and assigning that result to the column names using colnames(). I set up an example where the Stacked columns are made up of quarterly sales and the line is made up of suppo. Below article speaks about organizational charts. the Fastest charts, magnitudes faster than the other here. If you insert a line chart there your data won't appear the way you intend. By default, it tries to list out the most common types of charts such as Column, Line, Pie, Bar, Area, and Scatter. Overlay: For scatterplot, line, and area charts. How do I add a horizontal baseline or target line to a chart or graph gives loads of context for the viewer. Line chart - A line chart is often used to visualize a trend in data over intervals of time - a time series - thus the line is often drawn chronologically. Create a data table as in columns F to H in the screenshot, insert an Area chart for that data, with column F as the X axis. Example of a Stacked Bar Chart In this example, you have data about oil consumption and production for selected countries. Text Features Chart Text Feature Definition Example Title Name of a literary work. Regards, Michael. Format the red bars of new chart. None of the points are outside the control limits, and the points display a random pattern. a Line graph. Example: Combined Chart. For example, if the chart is posted on the wall, a heavy dark string hung vertically across the chart with two thumbtacks can be used to show the time. Create gauge charts with an Visual Paradigm Online’s online charts tool. The different charts can be easily combined. Suppose the data set below needs to be charted in a chart. Edit this example. Column chart in Excel is a way of making a visual histogram, reflecting the change of several types of data for a particular period of time. This method will take the benchmark line for example to guide you to add a benchmark line, baseline, or target line in an existing chart in Excel. An in-control process shows only random variation within the control limits. Charts are a great tool for communicating information visually. The X axis of a line chart is a category axis with fixed point spacing. If you need to create a simple Gantt chart, see Creating a Gantt chart or Gantt chart with progress. Most often area charts compare two or more categories. java charts and graphs - EasyCharts - chart gallery. In the Insert Chart dialog box, choose one of the types of chart that you want. Given example shows populating data from database and render the chart. Fixing Line Margins. In this screenshot the line was moved upwards so the columns are very small: Afterwards the. All charts can have one or more axis, except for pie charts. For example, the color of a single column in a column chart or a single point in a line graph can be changed without affecting the other points in the series. Create an XML source to describe a chart, then pass it to this tool's flash file to generate the chart. The state string from the 'Advanced' tab can be used to set those settings via R. A little to the right, you’ll see the Charts section as shown below. Cannot be combined with: Doughnut, Pie, Bar, Stacked Bar charts. Column charts are ideal if you need to compare a single category of data between individual sub-items, such as, for example, when comparing revenue between regions. But it definitely lacks reference for the left. If choosing between a pie chart and a line chart, what factors would you evaluate in choosing which one to use? How would each chart differ in representing your data? Give an example of when you might use a pie chart and a line chart. Microsoft Excel has a Bar chart feature that can be formatted to make an Excel Gantt chart. x supports this Chart. That's like your chart will looks like: Let's learn step by step how to insert a Line Chart. Let’s see how it works for an area chart. The line chart has one color (one line) per product category. Example of creating combined Excel charts with two chart types. An example of converting a Pandas dataframe to an Excel file with a column chart using Pandas and XlsxWriter. Pie chart B. In this section, you'll learn how to manipulate charts with VBA. In fact, I was inspired to pay off my mortgage faster after reviewing an amortization table for the first time. It can be used to show the high points of the various values on a chart. Line and scatter graphs. Sure, you can just add a column before the first chart, put an empty chart there (just put expression for value = 0), and then adjust the scale of the axis with the scale of the axis in the charts. Columns and Lines. Groupby on a Related Entity’s Related Entity. Chart Building. Area chart - Area charts are used to represent cumulated totals using numbers or percentages (stacked area charts in this case) over time. Prepare the necessary data in the table. This example demonstrates a RadHtmlChart control, configured as a Column Chart (it uses ColumnSeries). R can be used to explore, clean, analyze and visualize data. The interaction means manipulating filter criteria of few chart by pointing certain column of one of the analysis chart. Voila, you've created a chart with two chart types (column and line)! Chart plotting two data sets with bar and line chart. com you can design and share your own charts online and for free. 5) in column C, as shown below. Line Plot with plotly. By default, however, Excel’s graphs show all data using the same type of bar or line. Example of a Gantt Chart for a Residential Construction Work. A Column and Line chart is a combination of a Column chart with a Line chart. For most 2-D charts, you can change the chart type of the whole chart to give the chart a different look, or you can select a different chart type for any single data series, which turns the chart into a combination chart. Dashboard Series: Creating Combination Charts In Excel A Few More Examples From The Wild. In this article let me tell you how to pick a chart type so you can make best charts for every situation. The Column Chart type for ASP. With Incredible Charts you can, for example, add Daily indicators to a Monthly chart or Weekly indicators to a Daily chart. This chart takes into consideration both the line pull of the hoist drum of the crane and the safe working load of the wire rope. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: