British English Pronunciation Practice

Say it: English Pronunciation is an app that will help you practice sounds, words and sentences and see your communication and pronunciation improve. Pronunciation games and activities. Speak English Pronunciation. It does follow a rule which we'll lea r n below. You can watch and listen to videos that show how English is used in different types of conversations. British English vs American british english pronunciation differences examples. 7 (23 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. For those that don’t know us, I’m Vicki and I’m British. british council grammar games. British English Other Sounds Previous page ~ Next page mi ddl e, mo dal , pu ddle , li ttle , i t'll , me tal ("lateral plosion"). You are right that practice can mean a doctor's work (and, by extension, his place of work - his consulting rooms), but this is because he practises medicine (and therefore is work is practice). At best, some British accent teachers manage to teach the technical side of English grammar and sentence structure. This set of 8 series of exercises designed by JA Maidment from the University of London is designed for intonation practice. English Pronunciation app teaches you how to pronounce English text properly. Sometimes our learners find extremely hard practise pronunciation independently. Practice with Pronunciation Using English is a stress-timed language and, as such, good pronunciation depends a lot on the ability to accent the correct words and successfully use intonation to make sure you are understood. You will improve your English pronunciation. Any constructive feedback is very much appreciated, please contact me if you have any suggestions. Learn and practice American English pronunciation with free online lessons and videos. To learn how to improve English pronunciation skills on-the-go, consider other podcasts like: 'The English We Speak' by the British Broadcasting Corporation, 'Better at English', 'Luke's English Podcast', 'Rachel's English' and 'Business English Pod'. 1 Introducing features of pronunciation 23 1. Have even more fun with another crazy pronunciation poem. (Sometimes Y is a vowel, pronounced as if it were I, and sometimes W substitutes for U. English Grammar & Pronunciation is a course for intermediate English learners. ˈeɪʃn̩ ˌaɪ wɪl ˈtiːʧ jʊ ɪn maɪ ˈvɜːs ˈsaʊndz laɪk ˈkɔːps ˈkɔː ˈhɔːs ənd ˈwɜːs ˌaɪ wɪl ˈkiːp jʊ ˈsuːzɪ ˈbɪzɪ ˌmeɪk jə ˈhɛd wɪð ˈhiːt ɡɹəʊ ˈdɪzɪ. How to Learn English Vocabulary and Pronunciation. Learn English the right way by practicing every day. #3 Say it: English Pronunciation. Many of the Australian sounds are quite different!. 5 sample paragraphs for reading test on 1. English Pronunciation Practice Interesting Things for ESL Students. Learn the different pronunciations of words in British. Created by Adrian Underhill 3. pronunciationstudio. Search and learn to pronounce words and phrases in this language (English). You will be able to speak and listen to native English speakers better. You will practice with a Native English teacher 3 times a week. In Spain, the pronunciation varies: sc is pronounced either as though written z, or sometimes as though written sz. Improve your English pronunciation and have fun with English tongue twisters. Tim's Pronunciation Workshop shows you how English is really spoken. Learn Tricky American English Pronunciation from University of California, Irvine. It is also important to remember that there are many different dialects and accents in both American English and British English. The activities and resources in this part of the site are designed to give an introduction to certain features of standard British English pronunciation, which is sometimes called Received. Your students will thank you for it, and you’ll be relieved you can make pronunciation practice fun! 7 Fun Games for Pronunciation Practice. This divergence between the insignificant role of pronunciation in programmes and the recognition of its importance in education is further complicated by the fact that, until recently, pronunciation practice outside an academic context was practically inconceivable unless learners attended complementary classes or travelled to an English. English Pronunciation – CAN & CAN’T The pronunciation of “can” and “can’t” in English is difficult to both hear and speak. We speak British and American English at Simple English Videos, so you'll get familiar with both varieties. Each tone gives a certain meaning to a word. com Follow the mail instructions to reset your password. Suggestions on how to practice and improve your pronunciation are also provided. All courses include ‘The Sound of English’ in both book and e-book formats – it is Pronunciation Studio’s course book covering the sounds and structures of Received Pronunciation. This website is created for adult learners of English by the British Council, the world's English teaching experts. Here you can learn about English Pronunciation. The process of taking the proceeds of criminal activity and making them appear legal. When you speak, you move your tongue to make sounds. Learn Tricky American English Pronunciation from University of California, Irvine. Today I want to talk about something that is definitely more important for American English than British English, and that's the difference between the or sound (or sound) and the long o sound (long o). Stressing the wrong syllable in a word is a frequent error,. Here we look at some English sounds which often cause difficulties for. This is not specifically a British English issue. English speaking skills practice | LearnEnglish Teens - British Council Jump to navigation. com! Whether you would like to practice your knowledge of English grammar, learn new vocabulary, idioms, or phrasal verbs, or download worksheets/handouts for class, this website will provide you with the resources that you need. Laundering allows criminals to transform illegally obtained gain into seemingly legitimate funds. We also have a high quality PDF version which you can download and print at poster size. This divergence between the insignificant role of pronunciation in programmes and the recognition of its importance in education is further complicated by the fact that, until recently, pronunciation practice outside an academic context was practically inconceivable unless learners attended complementary classes or travelled to an English. English Pronunciation Practice Exercises 1. Australian English vs. If your preference -- I don't know why I can't speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that's how it is. Do you have difficulty with the sounds and pronunciation of the English language, or with understanding the symbols of the phonemic alphabet?. Built around an extensive collection of practice materials, this book teaches the pronunciation of modern standard non-regional British English to intermediate and. ENGLISH LISTENING/PRONUNCIATION QUIZ topic: TEST # 1 Welcome to our series of pronunciation practice exercises for ESL students. Every language has its own particularities and presents unique challenges for students. They’re a great way to improve diction and practice tricky English sounds. How to Practice Your Pronunciation. therefore it's not very easy only to use the letters of the alphabet to show the pronunciation of English. American English, British English), German dialects, despite their small geographic spread, still vary very widely. In this course, you'll practice the sounds of American English that might sometimes be confusing. "Does the British Accent Train­ing Course real­ly work?" Over 40,000 peo­ple world­wide have used our train­ing for suc­cess. Improve your English pronunciation today with Say It! Hear the Oxford English model, see the soundwave, then record and compare your pronunciation. English Story: The Woman Use simple stories to learn English. English Phrases Daily Practice. Choose the language you want to practice:. Espresso English - Free short lessons for pronunciation and expressions. If your preference -- I don't know why I can't speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that's how it is. s: Essentially like English ss, with dialectal variation. British English Pronunciation - Fast, British English Accent Course. There are worksheets too for offline practice. You can do a 4-minute review first, if you like. Built around an extensive collection of practice materials, this book teaches the pronunciation of modern standard non-regional British English to intermediate and advanced learners worldwide. 7 (23 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. English for Beginners Practical English Travel English Telephone English Banking English Accounting English Dictionary Double-click any word on the page to look it up in the dictionary. Do you want to be sure your speech is clear and easy to understand? Then you’ll love our pronunciation videos. Learn English the right way by practicing every day. Now, let's answer your questions. If your preference is American English, this also applies to American English. Pronunciation practice You can revise the use of comparative and superlative form by playing this crossword. Pronouncing Contractions - Many people who speak English as a second language feel uncomfortable making contractions. Improve your English Pronunciation with regular practice. It is very useful to all, students, teachers, workers, etc. You can:-Have fun with tongue twisters. This video explains the aspects of pronunciation that are examined in the IELTS Speaking test. Done with a variety of standard English accents. Read more about how you can help improve the site here. There are over 9000 audio files to help you improve your English speaking. You can also pick up tips on how to practice and improve your English language pronunciation. So, if you want to be a great English speaker, the Aussie English Podcast is definitely for you. It actually changes the meaning of the word. Practice for at least 30 minutes every day. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. As a native British English speaker, I’ll take you through several techniques which will be incredibly useful in perfecting your English pronunciation. Trusted free online English Dictionary from Collins. Pay What You Want. There are may Russian words that are similar to English they just look different. Access our entire database of over 9,000 high-quality resources. English vowels can be confusing. It is a unique eBook PDF. BRITISH VOWELS. Thus, British English has colour and centre, where American English has color and center. One by one, erase the numbers and replace them with the words on the worksheet, drill the pronunciation as you do this. Learn all about the world’s only all-on-film English Speech and Pronunciation course. Well, here it is. The activities and resources in this part of the site are designed to give an introduction to certain features of standard British English pronunciation, which is sometimes called Received. Silent < r > is pe r haps the most curious feature in standa r d British English pronunciation fo r lea r ne r s. IELTS Skills provides exam practice exercises and interactive tasks to help you develop the four skills that you will need to master for your IELTS Academic exam. The apps are available on all app stores. British Pronunciation Made Easy! Recorded lessons, downloads AND direct contact with a professional teacher. Suggestions on how to practice and improve your pronunciation are also provided. Get more practice to improve your general English with. This video explains the aspects of pronunciation that are considered during the assessment of IELTS Speaking, which include word stress, sentence stress, intonation and chunking. Practice English Pronunciation Online Finding opportunities to practice and improve your English pronunciation can be difficult for many nonnative English speakers. A lot of exercises to practice how to pronounce each sound. 0K English pronunciation - unit 14 - 1 - Names of days and months - days. The same is true for many other sounds. In British English we use -re at the ends of words (as opposed to -er in American English) and here are examples of British English words with -re at the end. When you have finished click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly. English Pronunciation Tips English Sounds Chart Online Voice Recorder FCE - Speaking Test Irregular Verb QUIZZES & EXERCISES Mobile Apps online GAMES RESEARCH PROJECT 2ºBACH bil RESEARCH PROJECT 2ºBACH i+ EdTECH resources for language teachers About me. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. The British Library have a project at the moment, recording regional accents and dialects, so if you ever need examples of different accents, this is the place to go. Have fun with the pronunciation poem. Sources for pronunciation supplies. Perfect English Pronunciation is an English pronunciation course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. Every person has a different view of the world. In most cases, the emphasis is on learning the vocabulary and grammatical forms, often with reading and speaking being taught at the same time. Pronunciation and intonation: English pronunciation and intonation exercises, phonetics, diphthongs,word stress quizzes, and more Listening Exercises: Listening exercises, though not many, for listening practice. Teaching English pronunciation using technology is so much fun and a lot easier. | Sep 7, 2017. You will find lots of guides to English Grammar - but no one official guide to “The Queen’s English”. Resources for Teacher Training about Pronunciation. You will improve your English pronunciation. To get the full list, check out our complete guide to English podcasts. Learn more. But in all, differences between American and British pronunciation of English can be put into three classes:. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s. How to study pronunciation? English pronunciation can be tricky. The Oxford (or serial) comma is the final comma in a list of things. There are worksheets too for offline practice. If you're looking for an English pronunciation course to learn how to speak English with a fluent British accent at home, this British English pronunciation course will help you to achieve your goal. Join Anna to improve your English Speaking. Do you like learning about English grammar? In this section you can learn grammar rules and play games to help you understand. Your browser doesn't seem to support Javascript!. I used Stephen Fry as my British English pronunciation model. Suggestions on how to practice and improve your pronunciation in English language are also provided. But how do you know that you are pronouncing words correctly? Either you talk and listen to self. You can:-Have fun with tongue twisters. Since these words are used very often in ordinary speaking, we can’t understand spoken English without them. Pronunciation exercises need to be repeated and recycled. Real English Conversations it is not only about the podcast conversation lessons and the transcripts… but it’s about the larger platform, about being part of a cool community of people, the members where you learn and practice English in a lot of different ways. Pronunciation exercises need to be repeated and recycled. Learn the 5 sounds of British pronunciation that you'll need in order to sound like a native British English speaker! Improve your English AND Support the channel: Get EXTRA English practice by. Not at all! Unless you're in line for the Throne, or trying to be in their society, you had better not try it on! Now, irony or mockery might provide an opportunitybut only just. com teaches British English pronunciation with minimal pairs, providing free online pronunciation and elocution lessons for ESL learners and for accent reduction. Access our entire database of over 9,000 high-quality resources. As a native British English speaker, I'll take you through several techniques which will be incredibly useful in perfecting your English pronunciation. Also in the series: Timmy's First Words in English and Timmy's Learning New Skills. (Sometimes Y is a vowel, pronounced as if it were I, and sometimes W substitutes for U. American English Pronunciation Practice: This site has a long list of minimal pairs exercises in mp3 format. Definition of pronunciation in the Idioms Dictionary. You will improve your English pronunciation. Learn more. British Pronunciation Made Easy! Recorded lessons, downloads AND direct contact with a professional teacher. Learning and understanding English language pronunciation is essential for ESL students. Pronunciation of of. To develop your fluency we recommend English communication practice, because it is better to practise the sounds through conversation. To improve your English pronunciation, it's a good idea to check what your tongue is doing. My name is Mandy, and this is our 208th episode. This video explains the aspects of pronunciation that are examined in the IELTS Speaking test. The WR spelling should be pronounced a little different than the other two sounds because your mouth closes to make the W before the R. Speak English with a perfect British English accent Gain an additional, more universal, British English accent, to use whenever you need it Enjoy greater confidence for public speaking in English Make business presentations in English with boosted confidence Actors will be able to apply for roles. It is very useful to all, students, teachers, workers, etc. Here you can learn about English Pronunciation. Practice is how you can learn to pronounce words in English correctly. ” Interestingly, in Britain a lot of the American pronunciations are creeping into everyday usage. It’s time for #pronunciation practice! What’s the difference between /ʃ /and /tʃ/? Follow our lesson and you’ll be cheering and shouting about your great. You will improve the same way you would if you moved to the US or UK. We also have a high quality PDF version which you can download and print at poster size. These quizzes are designed to test your listening comprehension of (American) English pronunciation, and are meant for all levels (beginner, intermediate, advanced). Here are the top 3 with help with pronunciation, word stress, sentence stress and intonation in a standard southern British accent. Do you want to improve your spelling and pronunciation in English? In this section you can learn how to say and spell English words with Sam and Pam, the super space spies. Resources for Practicing Pronunciation Online. Produce every English sound clearly with a British accent Reduce your accent and sound more native-like Understand the phonetic alphabet (IPA) and how it relates to pronunciation Requirements A basic understanding of English A willingness to improve your pronunciation through practice Description Perfect English Pronunciation is an English. Lesson activities include games, puzzles, and warm-ups, as well as activities to teach and practice each of the core skills of language learning: speaking, listening, writing, reading, grammar, and vocabulary. There isn’t. British pronunciation, BBC learning English, Standard Southern British English Pronunciation 2 Hours of Daily English Conversations - English Practice for ALL Learners - Duration:. Pronunciation of-ed word endings. Pronouncing Contractions - Many people who speak English as a second language feel uncomfortable making contractions. Every syllable in every word must have a vowel. Welcome to my course: Let's master British English Pronunciation! If you want to perfect your English, are tired of the stumbling blocks in pronunciation or need a little refresher this course is for you. Resources for Teacher Training about Pronunciation. No matter your needs and wants, these strategies will get you there. These exercises require you to speak aloud – if you do not practice speaking you’ll not improve. Learning British Spoken English With Standard Pronunciation is the best tool for improving listening, reading, speaking and writing abilities. The main features of this App are: it support offline pronunciation; suitable for students to learn and practice pronunciation. Our courses have been carefully created with clear instruction, to help anyone achieve a standard British English accent, whether you are a native or not. Stream "21 Reasons Why English is Hard to Learn" Pronunciation Practice - Podcast 18 by BritishAccentPodcasts from desktop or your mobile device British accent. IELTS test-takers quickly learn that the listening section is mostly a British accent. A: While English dialects are still somewhat okay to understand and can be sorted into different macro-regions (e. From children to adults, we have courses, lessons and activities which lead to internationally recognised qualifications. Listen and Read Along (Flash/MP3) American and British English (3. Whatever your approach, BusyTeacher. Exercises by level. Like it very much for self-study, anyways. In British English it becomes theatre. Sources for pronunciation supplies. Tim's Pronunciation Workshop shows you how English is really spoken. But how do you know that you are pronouncing words correctly? Either you talk and listen to self. The accent in the exercises is American English, but it is still excellent practice. **Udemy - Perfect English Pronunciation: British English** Learn English pronunciation from a native British speaker to take your accent to the next level **For Udemy - Perfect English Pronunciation: British English. This Canadian college offers a comprehensive practice guide to English pronunciation, divided into 13 units. Learn the sounds of English. ’Practice Reading and Speaking’ concentrates on British pronunciation. Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don’t. com opened in September of 2002 as a free public service to teach children to read with phonics. This video explains the aspects of pronunciation that are considered during the assessment of IELTS Speaking, which include word stress, sentence stress, intonation and chunking. As a Chinese learner, I find Luke’s online course extremely helpful and practical. Want to learn English? Want to improve your British or American English pronunciation and speak like a native? AudioEnglish. British English Vocabulary and Pronunciation with a Wordsworth Poem British English Pronunciation of Plonk and other British Onomatopoeia Book and Practice Pack. "Does the British Accent Train­ing Course real­ly work?" Over 40,000 peo­ple world­wide have used our train­ing for suc­cess. This website is created for adult learners of English by the British Council, the world's English teaching experts. Exercises by level. 10 British English Pronunciation Tips. Popular terms for this accent, such as ‘The Queen’s English’, ‘Oxford English’ or ‘BBC English’ are all a little misleading. Often repeating spoken English without looking at the written sentence can also help you learn this 'music' of the language. But do we devote class time to pronunciation practice on a regular basis? Don’t feel bad if your answer is no. audio pronunciation. How to improve English pronunciation. In the American English Pronunciation Course, you will learn: All the sounds of American English, with lots of practice exercises. The English Pronunciation app helps you learn, practice and play with British pronunciation and American pronunciation of words wherever you are. Reading practice to help you understand simple texts and find specific information in everyday material. Learn English daily through practice using British English Pronunciation app to improve your English pronunciation of words. When I was in the university, studying English, my teacher taught me English pronunciation using printed books and provide me oral samples of English phonemes. Pronunciation is very difficult to correct if you have been speaking English for a long time. Learn the sounds of English. I would have done some of those things ANYWAY (like engaging in spoken English self-practice and watching a little bit of National Geographic), and spending a few extra minutes a day trying to master the British Accent isn’t really such a high price to pay. 49 Add to basket. When you speak, you move your tongue to make sounds. Here are the top 3 with help with pronunciation, word stress, sentence stress and intonation in a standard southern British accent. These exercises require you to speak aloud – if you do not practice speaking you’ll not improve. American English: Pronunciation. The files are in Flash format. Use YouTube to improve your English pronunciation. Becoming a clear, confident speaker can greatly benefit many aspects of your life; Work, education, and social. Practise English with the British Council. Received Pronunciation (RP), commonly called BBC English in North America and Standard British pronunciation or Southern British pronunciation by North American scholars, is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England ", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales. The ending is pronounced /s/ after a voiceless sound , it is pronounced /z/ after a voiced sound and is pronounced /ɪz / or /əz/ after a sibilant sound :. Learn English by practice Of course the best way of BBC Learning English | Pronunciation Tips [it doesn't matter whether its American English or British English]. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Natural spoken English contains reductions - sounds that change and disappear when spoken at normal speed. English Grammar & Pronunciation is a course for intermediate English learners. interesting websites. This iPhone app is designed for Japanese speakers who want to brush up their English pronunciation, including intonation and stress, with fun. British Pronunciation Made Easy! Recorded lessons, downloads AND direct contact with a professional teacher. We have several teachers on the MosaLingua team who teach French to Spanish speakers. When you have finished click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly. Learning English with. Search downloads English Pronunciation Practice for Beginner. Here is an Ngram chart comparing the frequency of occurrence of Oceania (blue line)" versus Oceana (red line) for the period 1802–2008:. Since these words are used very often in ordinary speaking, we can’t understand spoken English without them. Structured learning at your own pace. English pronunciation - unit 13- 7 - word stress - more practice with common words. Use YouTube to improve your English pronunciation. Vietnamese culture may be still mysterious and unknown to most people outside the country. As a Chinese learner, I find Luke’s online course extremely helpful and practical. English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice provides a unique introduction to basic articulatory phonetics for students of English. Click on the phonemes to hear the sound and a sample word. You will study 6 essential grammar points, learn the pronunciation, practice speaking, and practice listening. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Pronunciation and intonation: English pronunciation and intonation exercises, phonetics, diphthongs,word stress quizzes, and more Listening Exercises: Listening exercises, though not many, for listening practice. Learn individual sounds in the English language The English language may have only 26 letters in its alphabet, but those letters make over 40 different. Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don’t. Follow our ten top tips, start improving your pronunciation today and take a step closer towards your goal of perfect English pronunciation. For example, the pronunciation of the word put is /put/ (click on the transcription to listen to a. Here you can learn about English Pronunciation. 49 Add to basket; CRIME & PUNISHMENT English Lesson Notes £ 1. You can click on any lesson below to study for free. ) than RP content. English Pronunciation Practice for Beginners. Please SUBSCRIBE! Love this channel, feel free to send a super chat donation, every little. Sound practice. The 44 sounds & symbols of English 3. a western tourist who tries to fund their continuing travel plans by begging for money on the streets of countries that are much poorer than the country they come from. by Paul Carley, Inger M.   Received pronunciation was known as ‘the Queen’s English”. Thus, we will be focusing on British English sounds: you will learn every single English sound and will master each one so that you can sound more native-like. Words that look the same might have very different pronunciations. sale, pool vs. This video will help you build vocabulary and improve pronunciation in under 20 minu. I am a mated Speaker of British English. Please see notes and resources below. Phonetic Exercises online: Learn the vowel and consonant sounds of English using these interactive quizzes and videos. Pronunciation and intonation: English pronunciation and intonation exercises, phonetics, diphthongs,word stress quizzes, and more Listening Exercises: Listening exercises, though not many, for listening practice. If this doesn't help, try clicking on the "Click here to listen with your default audio player" link. | Sep 7, 2017. 2 Getting you thinking: a pronunciation questionnaire 25 1. Tap to hear a sound, or tap and hold to hear the sound and an example word. The heavy lifting is in acquiring the vocabulary and grammar, and the accent is just shaping the sounds and rhythm patterns. 0 demo trial available: Accent Master: English Pronunciation Made Easy. What you'll learn You will learn 6 English grammar points to talk about the past. Helped over 40,000 people around the world. In American English these verbs are irregular. Classes cover English grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. Watch it now to practice your English pronunciation and discover some differences between British and American English. British English Pronunciation is easy with this fast British English Accent Course. It will analyze your speech and pinpoint exactly what your errors are (which vowel or consonant or s. com is a free ESL, EFL site that offers top quality printable and interactive English grammar, vocabulary & pronunciation exercises for teachers and students. For those that don't know us, I'm Vicki and I'm British. pronunciation means in today’s ELT classrooms • To look at practical ways of integrating useful pronunciation practice into lessons • To consider how material from the Premier Skills website can be exploited for pronunciation practice. Vitamin = In the U. The course Is based upon the Interna. Perfect English Pronunciation is an English pronunciation course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. British English Pronunciation Course £ 49. Even when I am on a business trip, all I need is 10-20 minutes and I can finish one lesson per day. 8 Tips for British English Pronunciation. From moreVocabulary, LanguageTutor FR+EN learning software makes you efficiently practice with 6,500 most useful words and short expressions of English and French vocabulary and finally remember them. com Follow the mail instructions to reset your password. American and British English pronunciation differences From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Differences in pronunciation between American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) can be divided into:. British English pronunciation practice - sound -ed. Every person has a different view of the world. LanguageTutor FR+EN 1. For those that don’t know us, I’m Vicki and I’m British. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: